North Korea’s third nuclear test came not only as a well-staged event with Washington and Beijing informed in advance, but it was announced as a ‘retaliatory’ move in response to US ‘hostility’ – US criticism of the December 2012 missile test. It was a low risk, political move as China warned the West not to overreact, Russia declined unilateral sanctions and the US had no response beyond strong statements.

CHINA and the United States were warned in advance of North Korea’s third nuclear test, which was demonstratively public and unprecedented in its open hostility to the West.

It was carried out some 60 years after the ceasefire that ended North Kor...

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Dr. Uwe Nerlich
It is likely, given the nature of earlier US ‘hostilities’ that triggered North Korea’s ‘responses’, that more aggressive action can be predicted from North Korea in both their nuclear and intercontinental ballistic missile programmes
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