The three countries that cover almost 90 percent of North America – the United States, Canada and Mexico – are economically very closely intertwined. The U.S. has the dominant position. It is the world’s largest economy and strongest military power. Shielded by oceans to the east and west, it projects influence globally. The continent is so rich in natural resources that it is practically self-sufficient.
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The disruptive power of American tight oil
The shale revolution in the United States has transformed the domestic oil industry and global oil markets. Tight oil has both increased supplies and shortened the reaction time of production to prices, with the U.S. industry proving more resilient than many expected. New competition has reduced the leverage of other producers like OPEC and shrunk the geopolitical risk factor in oil markets.