Kashmir, a northwestern Indian subcontinent region is bounded by China's Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang to the northeast and the Tibet Autonomous Region to the east, by the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south, by Pakistan to the west, and by Afghanistan to the northwest. The northern and western portions of Kashmir are administered by Pakistan, the southern and southeastern portions by India. The Indian- and Pakistani-administered portions are divided by a “line of control” agreed to in 1972, although neither country recognizes it as an international boundary. Since 1962, China has controlled the easternmost portion of the region.
The world is rightly concerned about China’s violation of Hong Kong’s autonomy – but such moves are not limited to authoritarian regimes. India, the world’s largest democracy, has recently abolished autonomy for the region of Jammu and Kashmir. The situation there deserves even more attention since the region is at the heart of India-Pakistan tensions, and any conflict could draw in China. Animosity between Hindus and Muslims make the situation that much more dangerous.