Demographics and migrations

Demographics and migrations
Changes in demographic structures have always had an impact on geopolitics. As globalization increases and it becomes easier for people to move from place to place, these factors are transforming how countries interact with each other. Aging societies may become more protectionist while population declines could thwart developing countries’ ambitions to become prosperous.

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A map showing the Western Balkans’ population losses

Integrating a half-empty Balkans into the EU

Citizens of the Western Balkans are entering the European Union much faster than their countries. As a result, the region’s depopulation is accelerating, driven by high unemployment, poor governance, rampant corruption, rising crime and unclear prospects for the future. The most desired destination is Germany, which welcomes emigrants as a much-needed supplement to its workforce. However, the geopolitical consequences of a half-empty Balkans may be disturbing.

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